The Future of Human Jobs and the Knowledge Economy
There is a wide-ranging debate about the future of human jobs, coupled with the prosperity of the knowledge economy, the development of technology, and the devices of artificial intelligence, and it may be said that an employee in this economy may lose his job in the traditional reality, but what must be noted is that alternative jobs have begun to function and are trying to find space in the human world, provided by the knowledge economy in the worlds of technology in general. In some scientific and sports fields, such as chess, in which programmers are able to convey some of the thinking patterns of some players, and their way of thinking, like the Russian world champion of the game, Kasparov, plus other outstanding players, means the player can play with them via the computer, and without a doubt, in front of the greatest competitors in the world – and in their presence as well, as in the game of football and other games, on which computer applications are programmed.
The same idea that, after this development, it threatens to exclude human beings from their jobs because the machines that are programmed in the world of artificial intelligence are performing the function of Man to the fullest, and even performing matters without the slightest complications, or costs, and therefore this acceptance is possible, and the demand of the people of money and business is strong and eager, so one machine can act as five employees, or even an army of employees.
The large factories in this development may create a major unemployment crisis, and, like other institutions in all fields and sectors, and when talking positively and optimistically, we may find some alternative jobs, but few compared to the jobs created by AI devices, including media jobs, such as journalism.
Because the most important feature of the knowledge economy is the decentralisation and far-being of the knowledge economy in all areas, including technology, just as the digital economy has done, plus the jobs provided by the knowledge economy are centrally similar to those that we see in the world of the digital economy, anyone can find their luck in it, and earn money through it, without committing to a moment in a place, or to a specific time, for example.
There is also a serious trend in the private sector towards investment in research and development in response to the negative effects of the wave of technology in the job sector of all kinds, which promotes the idea of achieving a knowledge society in return and seeks its development.
Agriculture remains the economic source closest to the mood of human civilizations, and its innate origins, whose development can be predicted a lot, will be said to be used at the time by retrogressive effects, or what was founded by socialism, which called for it in the most important economic junctures in human history, where the socialist revolution was linked to the agricultural revolution, and here it must be noted that this may actually be achieved, but using the technology system to develop agricultural work will certainly include the boom of agricultural technology, as now, or the job will not be done. By providing more comprehensive machines in their work, human beings need only one person who manages and supervises the work of machines in the fields.
The increasing development of robots and AI applications threatens many jobs that require technical skills, so technology calls for individuals to learn the techniques they make, the most important of which is computers. It leads to lower consumer spending and lower economic growth as the bulk of estimated revenues are enough to impoverish the population from purchasing products and services produced by the knowledge economy.
Of course, these superior technologies, resources, geography, and history — basically, if used responsibly and transparently – will lead to strong economies.
Despite all this, we must not forget the impact of values in society on the implementation of technology and its products, as it will not allow the loss of the people of society in order to catch up with global technological development, and even if it does, it will be in its calculations that the priority is for humanity and not for technology, and this may seem different from one society to another, i.e. according to the prevailing values, and to talk the rest.
Author : Manahel Thabet
Published November 06, 2017
Al Bayan Newspaper