If there is a key component of any human civilization, that component is the system of legislation and laws that regulate the movement and conduct of society and manage the continuity and growth of life there.
It is said that the laws mirror reality, a statement that bears many faces, on the one hand, indicating that the law reflects the realities of life in society and whether society is advanced or not. Civilizations known for their heritage were equally sophisticated, progressive, and sophisticated. And vice versa. On the other hand, this term means that the law must keep pace with developments in society, reflecting the conditions of the community that regulates relations between its members.
The Third Industrial Revolution, the digital computing revolution of the 1950s, reached its peak with its applications in biotechnology, 3D and the revolution in social media and the digital world.
Today, the world is talking about the Fourth Industrial Revolution, a breakthrough in technological progress that can change many of the details of human life. It is characterized by reliance on robots in many areas of life, and reduced reliance on the human element. In the face of this development, most laws and legislation have had to be developed to keep pace with this new reality.
Major countries have had noteworthy experiments, with the AI program successfully predicting the outcome of hundreds of cases brought before the European Court of Human Rights; according to scientists, the program’s accuracy in predicting sentences was 79 per cent.
In China, the use of artificial intelligence has already been adopted in the Shanghai Court through a coded project called “206”, a smart system that helps conduct criminal investigations.
In America, scientists from Georgetown University in Washington said the introduction of artificial neural networks into the courts would speed up the sentencing of criminal cases and would not affect the fairness of the decision to sentence defendants, because these artificial networks would take into account all the circumstances monitored at preliminary hearings, from the identity of suspects to their criminal past, if any.
As for The Arab World, leadership is clearly occupied by the UAE, where its business expands every day more than ever in this area and is very surprising. According to statistics on the results of the judges’ work in civil courts, it appears that all judges have achieved more results than required of them, with each judge in the District Chamber required to adjudicate 550 cases per year, with a high accuracy rate, while in the total chamber each judge was required to adjudicate 300 cases.
Given the feasibility of applying smart elimination in our lives, the smart file program will facilitate transactions, access data, prevent the accumulation of cases and files, and provide many advantages including speed in the completion of work and saving time and effort, providing security for documents, including getting the work done anytime and anywhere.
The application of the smart file also reaps many privileges to facilitate the customers in terms of registering the case and paying fees, advertising with follow-up sessions and participation in the sessions from the place where the person is, while providing lawyers with a great service that relieves them from moving between buildings and courtrooms, so that they can follow all the cases assigned to them and participate at the same time according to the period allocated for consideration in the various courts.
The issue of informing liabilities is also witnessing a major development with the application of the smart file, as this is done through e-mail, WhatsApp or any other technical communication software, except that the file allows customers to complete many litigation proceedings with ease.
All of this and more raises the justice productivity index to the highest level.
As a matter of the above, these experiences, with their results, raise a long stream of questions, perhaps the most important of which are: What will the jury look like in future courts? Can “virtual” judges who are not governed by human whims and tendencies that affect judicial decisions be invented? How will the virtual judge hear the defence of the accused? How do convicted defendants represent human beings with technological provisions, no matter how intelligent they may be? Will a smart judge be eligible to hear all cases or will “artificial intelligence go away” to invent judges according to the types of crimes and degrees of litigation?!
And to talk the rest.
Author : Manahel Thabet
Published October 09, 2018
Al Bayan Newspaper