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Category: Al Bayan Newspaper

09 Feb 2021
Manahel Thabet

Pioneer Probe

As the project of human civilization in the Arab world was dropping further, then on the verge of falling, there had to be a leading role in the Arab region; then there was a miracle, and the representations of this miracle were like the sight of someone who jumped from the top of a mountain slope, made his way to a plane, and then flew it high. It is the Emirates that created the miracle, flew high, and wrote and characterized civilizational leadership.

The civilized project adopted by the UAE since its inception has been to create what did not exist from the representations of modern civilization, in accordance with its new causes and data, as well as to develop what lives and exists by providing new sources and ideas, plus organizing work and resources to reach the project of civilization that we see today in the details of the UAE Renaissance.

The leadership which represents the UAE Renaissance can be clearly seen in its initiation of the cultural renaissance project at all levels and different contexts, and its introduction to the beginning of the road for others, the initiative of creative ideas, and the pioneering to plan projects based on innovative ideas, new ones, based on development, and risk, the last of which was its leadership of the Middle East space project by the “Probe of Hope” that conquered space and reached Mars, raised the UAE pioneers’ flag of the UAE leadership; this achievement, that will be immortalized in history on the red planet, and thus, the UAE has paved the way for everyone who will come later to the region.

Perhaps the most important achievement for the UAE is this success and leadership; it is the possession of the state with a clear and specific goal, and its possession of new opinions and ideas that always support the goal it is working on, and the clarity of vision through which it seeks to achieve its goals and strengthen itself, and support it with optimism and hope, to work to achieve those different goals, and this is clearly reflected, even in the name given to its space probe, the “Probe of Hope”.

The presence of a clear and planned vision of the ambitions that the UAE leadership has, enabled the UAE to turn its objectives into reality, as well as taking the lead, always achieving success, in addition to the ability of the UAE leadership to make different decisions, and the positive and orderly thinking it enjoys, which always make it the first pioneers, not only at the regional level, but globally.

The real leadership quality of the UAE is that it knows exactly how to turn its dreams into reality by devoting enough time and effort to them. The UAE’s cultural leadership project has 10 features: creativity, passion, enthusiasm, optimism, a focus on the future, the ability to convince, flexibility, intelligence, adventure, and firmness.

The success of the UAE is that it is not satisfied with things as they are; it has always been thinking out of the box, always looking for new opportunities to come up with creative solutions to problems; Emiratis love what they do, devote their full energy and effort to the civilization project that they founded, and they are ready to spend a long time and make a great effort to launch and manage their project to succeed, always looking for the bright side, and finding it, always.

They always focus on how to do things better and make the world a better place to live in. They do not live in the past; they do not focus on the negative, they always focus on the future.

They know exactly what they want, so they set themselves specific, smart goals, and then they do whatever it takes to achieve those goals; Emiratis can convince others of what they think, are able to adapt to unusual situations, are flexible, capable, and even willing to learn new things.

They are open to change and accept it in a spirit of sportsmanship; so long as it contributes to their success, they do not escape the challenges and obstacles, but face them. They are smart, and they benefit from everything they have, whether it is money, time or effort; everything they have goes according to a tight plan and for a specific goal; they plan well for the unknown, and therefore, they make the best decisions that serve them and their businesses; Emiratis know what to do, and they don’t hesitate to make decisions that make them successful; they don’t allow opportunities to get away from their hands; instead, they take them and end their duties; first and foremost, the Emiratis know very well that the real risk lies in not taking risks, and for all that, Emiratis are the pioneers. A tribute to the leadership and people of the UAE, and a blessing to the Arabs, the “probe of hope”, glory and leadership. And to talk the rest.

Author : Manahel Thabet
Published February 09, 2021
Al Bayan Newspaper

05 Feb 2021
Manahel Thabet

Digital World Utopia

Utopia refers to nowhere, or to the ideal fantasy place; it is a word used by many wise men and philosophers as a description of their perceptions of a world they dream of, or the world that they think should be, because, in their view, it is the ideal world that human society must continue, so thereby be full and proper, one to reach and be throughout history.

Many of these concepts emerged, most notably in the work “The Republic” by Plato”, in Aristotle’s “Politics”, then the book by Al-Farabi “The Views of the People of the Utopia”, the “Book of The City of God” by Saint Augustine; then John Milton’s “Paradise Lost”, “The City of the Sun” by Tommaso Campanella, and “Utopia” by Thomas More.

The importance of these works is not only that they are literary works, as some might imagine, but because they are the complete philosophical, social, political, and economic visions of their authors, ones which revolve in the orbit of what an ideal society should be, as well as its systems, government, and a way of life in detail; they are the writer’s artistic, moral, political, social, and economic system, customs, traditions, and other activities in social life. Nonetheless, all of these ‘YouTubes’ have not been able to materialize, and, fundamentally in the meantime, it has not been possible to make them.

Today, in the digital world, we observe the emissions of some of those philosophical visions and utopian concepts of the Muse of philosophers, those that stand out on the surface in a conflict with the concepts and values of evil, and what is interesting is that all of this happens within a purely economic cover.

Perhaps more clarity is needed: the utopian features of the digital world are reflected in those practices, initiatives and activities in all areas, whose aim is to promote society, whether scientific, humanitarian, or ethical, through the dissemination of contributions that benefit and promote society.

As well as in the virtual honouring of influential and creative figures in society; as well as in attempts to spread tranquillity by promoting a culture of love, tolerance, and peace among people, and so on, and in what we see every day in this digital world, the tools, means and vessels through which these practices are carried out to promote societies, both scientifically and creatively, are commercial tools and means, which are exploited freely and are widely accepted in social circles, and have a public advantage to exercise in return their advertising-based economic investments for companies and institutions of all kinds, forms and sizes, and works to promote their products through these tools and digital means, so the popularity advocated by Utopia and its prosperity, becomes conditional on these economies, and the existence of these digital means.

The effectiveness of the digital world is only a reflection of reality and social, political, and economic life, in which the impure, the innocent and the criminal are mixed with the bad, the good with the malicious, the good with evil, and the more flexible individuals who can achieve in this event.

To the extent that the effectiveness of the digital world eliminates the hierarchy of society, the centralities and barriers that characterize real-life – social life; to the more that it affects a society free of class diseases that have prevailed so much in past times, this society is no different from the old perceptions of utopia, which have only been attained in meaning. And to talk the rest.

Author : Manahel Thabet
Published February 05, 2021
Al Bayan Newspaper

03 Feb 2021
Manahel Thabet

The Hypothesis of Adaptation

Charles Darwin says: “It is not the strongest members of the species who survive, nor the smartest, but the most capable of adapting to changes.”

As in biology, within the world of economics, adaptation is a dynamic, experienced process, based on the practice of increasing human tolerance of changes in the work environment across several

What I want to offer here, i.e., economic acclimatization, can be defined as the process by which people adapt to change in the economic working environment, i.e., adapting to the variables in the working environment allows them to maintain balance across a range of working environment conditions.

It should be noted that there is a difference between the concept of adaptation and the practice of adaptation, which occurs in a short period of time, and gradually. Within human life itself, however, when comparing adaptation, it is a development that occurs over many generations.

Adaptation is a set of changes in physiological reactions that help human life outside of its practical habitat, and in bioscience, the same thing happens: humans who migrate, permanently, naturally adapt to their new environment through an increased development in the number of red blood cells to increase oxygen tolerance in the blood, in order to compensate for low levels of oxygen intake; there is, as well, different economic working environments that impose on humans’ adaptation to their data, helped by the physiological adaptation, plus interactions of characteristics and adaptability.

Adaptation is a set of evolutionary changes that are appropriate to natural environmental factors, just as the new Corona virus requires human adaptation in all its formalities in line with the data imposed by this pandemic at all levels and in various fields, primarily the economic field. And just as man adapted during the first economic change, in which he moved from the agricultural economic era to the industrial economic era, and then in the second change, from the industrial economy to the economy of offices and companies, and then the transition to the era in which we are talking about the importance of adapting to its data, which is the fourth economic era, the «economy of knowledge», noting that the process of adapting to every change and transition in the four economic times took place gradually because acclimatization assumes gradual progression as human temperature changes, yet, if it occurs suddenly, then the human loses the characteristic of adaptation, and can lose his life, unlike if that change occurs gradually, then the human being is able to coexist and adapt gradually until it becomes normal, and continue to adapt to the high altitude for months, or even years.

It ultimately allows humans to survive in an environment that could kill them, if they are suddenly changed. Just as it happens in botany,
many plants, such as maple trees, irises, and tomatoes, can survive if the temperature gradually decreases less and less every night over days or weeks. The same decline may kill them if it happens suddenly. Studies have shown that tomato plants, which adapted to a higher temperature over several days, were more efficient in photosynthesis at relatively high temperatures than plants that were not allowed to adapt. People adapt to work environment conditions, and they change things like gaining greater flexibility in their dealings.

In the animal world, some sheep grow very thick wool in cold climates, fish have the ability to adjust their temperature to match the water temperature, and tropical fish sold in pet stores, often remain because they have the ability to adapt.

Therefore, the condition of adaptation will always be the gradual change, both in the working environment of the human being, and in the natural environment. And to talk the rest.

Author : Manahel Thabet
Published February 26, 2021
Al Bayan Newspaper

08 Jan 2021
Manahel Thabet

The Booming Season of Digital Currencies!

No system thrives without necessarily being compatible with its prosperity and the collapse of another system, or systems, and there is no prosperity for any commodity that is not necessarily compatible with the collapse of another commodity or commodities.

The beginnings of digital currencies were ad hoc beginnings, ones similar to the beginnings of the computer, which was used exclusively by specialized engineers until the emergence of the “Interface” to become accessible to everyone. Digital currencies were limited in their beginnings to mining operations, and “blockchain” was used exclusively to record the accounts of mining operations.

And this remained so until the year 2008, which marked the beginning of the important global launch of digital currencies, and the popularization of their uses, and it can be said that it was the beginning of its recognition as well.

The steps of the prosperity and the development of digital currencies continued to proceed in a normal way, similar to the usual steps of any product, and so on, until the Corona pandemic; to the extent that this pandemic caused a recession for the traditional economy and people’s businesses, the more digital currencies, and even the digital economy as a whole, flourished, and perhaps here the largest inference can be found: it is the peak that Bitcoin reached against the dollar recently, as it reached in recent days the price of 30 thousand dollars per bitcoin.

Here it can be asked: If the value of digital currencies continues to rise more than it is now, then what is the fate of the traditional economy and its financial currencies?

We must agree that there are two scales in the global economic balance at the present time that can be clearly seen through the news of the economy and its renewed data every day. One is the scale of the traditional economy, the other is the scale of the digital economy, and the more the collapse of the traditional economy, the lighter its scales, and in turn the greater the boom of digital currencies. Its scales have increased, which means that the digital economy grows deeper and ends more penetrating in all aspects, and so forth, until the traditional economy and all its manifestations disappear, and the digital economy takes its place in all its manifestations, with those aspects that we have known as tools and means of the knowledge system.

We can foresee the future through the current data regarding digital currencies, as Bitcoin will represent the hard currency that corresponds to the dollar in the traditional economy, and the next bitcoin of digital currencies will also be difficult currencies, but in a hierarchy, with Bitcoin imposed by the marketing and advertising activities that Bitcoin enjoys.

As for the rest of the digital currencies, while each country in the world will have its own digital currency, which is what many countries have now legalized, the value of these special digital currencies cannot withstand the hard global digital currencies that will become a standard in global economic transactions, and a standard that is traded. In and through the economy, just as it has always happened with the dollar, and to the extent of the economic strength of any country to the extent that its own digital currency is worth a large value against Bitcoin, the strength of its economy can be measured through this criterion. And to talk the rest.

Author : Manahel Thabet
Published January 08, 2021
Al Bayan Newspaper

07 Jan 2021
Manahel Thabet

Soft Power is the Civilized Alternative

In one of my previous articles, I mentioned details about the importance of intellectual reclamation as one of the methods used to confront knowledge scarcity, and how to address research backwardness, to stimulate the power of the knowledge economy, and to revitalize it. I dedicate this article to discussing the soft power alternative in detail and expand upon it.

Soft power does not differ much in cases of individuals or societies, and we can approximate the meaning of its concept through individual cases, and what can be evoked as an example is the saying of George Washington Carver, who recommended writing on his tombstone: “No person, no matter what, can descend me to a degree, make me hate him or envy him.”

For those who do not know, the owner of this proposed epitaph had many reasons to grow up in the desire of taking revenge on this world, for he was of negro origin, he grew up an orphan, did not have the opportunity to go to school, and he grew up in an environment that is less than what can be described as fanatical, and yet he was able to create and become, by soft power, what any person dreams of, and for his losses to become profits. He is the founder of agricultural chemistry, and the first to work in the field of synthetic fibers, plus the United States owes to him one of its most important wealth producers, its sixth highest production commodity of “peanuts”, also of inventions comparable to those of Edison.

It is a sublime model of the usefulness of soft power and what it means at the level of individuals and at the level of nations. Soft power means that the state has spiritual and moral strength through the ideas, principles, and morals it embodies and through support in the fields of human rights, infrastructure, culture, and art, which leads others to respect and admire this method, then follow its sources.

Japan found that the best alternative for rebounding after the war was the soft power alternative, making it the most economically powerful country in the world in a record time of only 50 years.

Philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson said: “The whole world gives way to a person who knows his destination.” That is what can be said about the Japanese experience in this context, because the world has already given way to it, where Japan knows its destination and knows its way.

Religious pluralism in Japan did not prevent her from being distinguished internationally and people did not differ among themselves because of that pluralism. Likewise, it issued a set of legislation related to education, obligating it and limiting reproduction for fear of population density that might hinder the development process, hinder the reforms it adopted, and hinder the methodical plan that it adopted at all levels.

The issue of soft power was the subject of great controversy and suspicion in Japan, and in early 2003, a brilliant gesture took place, as the great and famous Japanese artist, Miyazaki Hayao, was awarded an Academy Award for the cartoon movie known as “The Kidnapped” or “Chihiro’s Journey”. Since that time, Japanese officials and intellectuals alike, have been claiming that the global fame of anime and manga, that specialize in its production in Japan on a large global scale, has enabled Japan to possess “soft power.” The term soft power was used in the eighties by Joseph Nye, a professor of science. In fact, a careful look at the main, relevant Japanese magazines, white papers, and the like will reveal to what degree the idea became popular after 2002.

Not only did the Japanese artist Miyazaki Hayao obtain the Oscar, whose works are all characterized by a peaceful character who renounces wars, but he refused to come to receive his award in response to the Iraq war because the honor was given in the United States. With this, Miyazaki wanted to convey an eloquent message about the usefulness of soft power and the need to spread it and replace hard power with it, and with this message, any knowledge economy can flourish, that is, when its message is sublime and purely human.

China used soft power through cheap manpower, its economy blossomed and became a world power, and India was like that with yoga.

The Arabs used soft power in the past, and they ruled Europe through the sciences of Ibn Sina, Al-Farahidi, Al-Khwarizmi and many others.

The other model that can be talked about is the Emirate of Dubai, for this city is ruled by the maker of civilization His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid, who knows well what are the real foundations for the rise of any human civilization: support the knowledge economy on which it was founded, support the infrastructure, human rights, culture and the arts As well as those principles and ethics that this city espouses, which have made it among the greatest cities in the world, civilized and economically sound, this development continues to grow and grow every day more and more, for which the world cannot do anything except tip its hat to see a leader who has surpassed the meaning of soft power.

Supporting scientific research and knowledge of all kinds, interest in rehabilitation and training institutions, support for young talents, cultural institutions, arts, human rights, and the search for talented people in all fields, is an expression of the soft power pursued by any country and makes it an example of advancement and a civilized model for all countries of the world. 

Author: Manahel Thabet
Published September 18, 2017
Al Bayan Newspaper

05 Jan 2021
Manahel Thabet

Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Humans

Perhaps the great seriousness about the future of artificial intelligence and its applications was apparent in the great importance that the United States placed, at the end of 2016, in order to discuss it, as it held a special conference in the White House dealing with the future of artificial intelligence applications; reference, however, to the future of humans in the era of artificial intelligence within the conference was a vague signal, and it was not comprehended in the papers, nor did the outputs address it.

Before talking about the applications of artificial intelligence, let us first agree that there is a civilizational renaissance, and a great leap of science that has begun and formed since the early years of the last century, meaning that it is almost 100 years old. With every new decade during this century, new sciences have appeared, including Management Science and Financial Engineering, Human Development Science, and Computer Science, and its associated sciences, and in the last two decades, there has been a lot of talk about artificial intelligence and its applications as a science that may create a new destiny for humans.

The history of artificial intelligence applications goes back to when, in the mid-twentieth century, scientists began to explore a new approach to building intelligent machines, and, based on recent discoveries in neuroscience, plus the development of cybernetics through the invention of the digital computer, machines were invented that could simulate the process of human computational thinking.

In 1956, the modern field of artificial intelligence research was established when a conference was held on the campus of Dartmouth College. Among the most prominent leaders of artificial intelligence research were Marvin Minsky, Herbert Simon, John McCarthy, and Ellen Noel. Then, at the beginning of the nineteen eighties, artificial intelligence research witnessed a new interest through the commercial success of expert systems, which are considered artificial intelligence programs that simulate the skills and analytical knowledge of one or more human experts.

Artificial intelligence achieved tremendous successes in the 1990s and early 2000s. Artificial intelligence is used for data mining, logistics, technology, industry, and medical diagnostics.

Artificial intelligence is one of the branches of computer science and it is defined with specific characteristics and behavior that are formulated by computer programs that make it simulate human mental abilities and patterns of work: Smart clients. They are used in a wide range of fields such as: expert systems, medical diagnostics, Internet search engines, natural language processing, video games, stock trading, law, image recognition and analyses, children’s toys, scientific discoveries, automated control, and voice recognition.

The patterns of unusual jobs in computer applications, from which artificial intelligence emerged, had begun to crystallize when programmers in a simulation method transferred models from the minds of distinguished human beings in the world, especially from some scientific and mathematical fields, such as the game of chess (for example) in which programmers were able to transmit some thinking patterns of some players and their way of thinking, like the Russian world champion in the game of chess, Kasparov, and other distinguished players, so that other players could play with them through the computer without any doubt that he was in front of the greatest players in the world and in their presence (as well as in football, and other games) that computer applications were programmed with.

‏The idea itself, after the development, threatens to exclude people from their jobs. The machines that are programmed in the world of artificial intelligence perform the human function perfectly, and even perform it without the slightest complications or costs. Therefore, its acceptance is inconceivable, and the demands of businesspeople are intense and eager. One machine can take the place of five employees, or more, without salaries, without permits, without disrupting workflow, and without job allowances.

What is really terrifying about the matter is the fate of Man in the midst of this great leap of science, for dispensing with human power in exchange for absorbing the machine and computers has become evident, and it also makes thinking very difficult about the type of work that people may work in, and for Arabs, in particular, the educational material in schools and universities is not updated to suit the changes and developments of the era, and not compatible with the development of artificial intelligence applications which accommodate the changes that occur at all times, and reserve them accordingly.

Soon, the world will witness the real emergence of unusual functional patterns in many areas of life through the application of artificial intelligence that will make the future of human beings obscure and make predicting it very difficult. A few days ago, robots were announced that would perform many medical functions, including the task of drawing blood from patients with high accuracy that surpasses the ability of human doctors to reach the main arteries, that is, without those complications that cause harm to patients.

Among those functional patterns are “industrial” psychologists who are responsible for developing appropriate working environments for networks. Genetics consultants are also responsible for analyzing genetic codes to predict the healthy future of individuals and embryos, or big data analysts, who work on analyzing huge amounts of data and making recommendations based on results, or observers of solar or cosmic gamma rays, as well as programmers of private robots for homes. All these unusual job patterns and more will soon be provided by artificial intelligence applications and will ignite the labor market with a different competition from what we have seen in the past decades.

The applications of artificial intelligence have evolved to the extent that its programmers in their advanced stages are unable to understand the dimensions of the capabilities of these machines that they invent or develop and program, and this contradicts what we have known about the inventors of machines throughout the history of industries, and other inventions, so that they knew well the nature of their inventive work and can easily explain the work of those machines and creations.

The time has come for change in our world by adopting the best economic methods to develop the fields of education and economics, to raise generations capable of understanding reality and facing its challenges, and this may happen through the learning of our children via foreign hands, so that we have a share in the global knowledge economy, whether in the aspect of manufacturing artificial intelligence applications and developing them in a way that adapts to our cultures, or in the aspect of innovation and creativity, which makes the global need for our products both as an income and as a competitor, as well as being less precautionary than what we may face in the future of changes in the world … And talk has the rest.

Author : Manahel Thabet
Published September 11, 2017
Al Bayan Newspaper

25 Dec 2020
Manahel Thabet

The Great Reset

We do not usually reset ourselves, except when the things that hold us up fail us and turn their backs on us. So, resetting here is an alternative solution to our collapse, or when we fail to find better alternatives than what is in our hands.

The Great Reset means keeping up with changes and adapting to new data, reformulating the world for its tools, updating, and rehabilitating the skills of individuals, in line with a new form of the entire business system.

It may be stated that we were supposed to adapt technology to customs and traditions. But what is happening now, due to the compulsion imposed by the Corona pandemic, and with slow transformations that were also led by the transformations of the age of knowledge, is that we are moving in the direction of adapting everything in order to harmonize with technology, just as oil once did when it poured human civilization into its mold and forced it to adapt to its facts.

The aspects of technology have imposed a reset of everything, which imposes adaptation and the assimilation of the new mechanisms that the business system has ended, and the reordering and reformulation of the identity of professions and jobs. In the beginning, it was palatable, including the pattern of remote work and distance education.

The urgent need to reset began coinciding with the beginnings of the Corona crisis, and I consider it a crisis to produce a transformation and accelerate the resetting process more than an epidemic crisis, as many people have lost their jobs, jobs and money invested in stock portfolios, which they spent a long time in their lives to build up. After hoping for an economically stable life that secures their future and the future of their children, panic began to prevail in the world, then, gradually, the black clouds began to dissolve. This happened when the activation of the mechanisms of the knowledge-based practical system provided its features and tools, and many people began to adapt to these, and practice their old work with a new look that keeps pace with the transformations imposed by activation of the knowledge system, and reset them according to its mechanisms, which are mechanisms that are not born or imposed by the Corona pandemic. Rather, they existed before, yet the Corona crisis has brought them all to the surface and imposed activation. When it is in their hands, as an option that secures it from collapse, it will be about the most able to adapt to the new mechanisms in the sectors of business, professions and jobs, and the worthiest will survive. Those who cannot reset and adapt, will be exported outside this square, which has imposed the readjustment on the world to adapt according to the data.

Economic competition, according to the assumptions of the reset, has come to mean that someone is able, through technology applications, to purchase a commodity from anywhere in the world, without limits or distances that prevent it, and it also means that a seller behind screens in China can compete with a traditional seller in a local store in any country in the world.

These transformations and the presumptions of reset impose the existence of radical changes in all sectors, including medicine, in which all the balance of power has changed. So, obtaining a drug using artificial intelligence has become much easier, as well as searching for vaccination against any disease, as it takes five to ten years to find out its side effects. And here we see a vaccine that was manufactured in less than a year.

Keeping up with, and adapting, according to the data of the reset process, which the world has arrived at in the sectors of business, professions and jobs, requires the world to reformulate its tools, through a process of updating and rehabilitating the skills of all individuals in accordance with the new form, which has been reset according to its data, which are both mechanisms and data: The New Transformation.

Life will pass by those who have willpower and those who do not have it, but who will reserve the advanced seats in the future, for those who are always able to reset, for the strongest desire and the most able to change and adapt to the new facts of life?

Finally, one can ask: Do we consider that reality, with all its facts, failed us in the Corona pandemic, so we had to reset to adapt to more feasible alternatives?

Author : Manahel Thabet
Published December 25, 2020
Al Bayan Newspaper

18 Dec 2020
Manahel Thabet

The “Commodification” of water

The year 2020 refuses to end peacefully. After all the tragedies that have decimated humanity, here comes more. Days ago, for the first time in the world, the establishment of the world’s first market for water futures contracts was announced, and this may lead to speculation by financiers who may trade water as if it were a commodity like oil and gold.

Water is a fundamental right, just like air, and it belongs to everyone. It is a public good. It is closely related to human life and livelihoods, and it is an essential component of public health. It has been so always, and it will remain so.

When water is announced as a commodity for trading in the global stock market and, as is happening now, treated as gold, oil and other commodities that are traded on Wall Street’s financial market, within years, the price of water may rise beyond that of oil in some areas. Most countries and all the west will depend on power plants that depend on the fusion of corn (FT) as a source of energy. This will be followed by the demand for oil decreasing to a degree that affects its prices, and as a result, there will be a noticeable rise in the price of water.

The danger is that only agricultural establishments and large industrial facilities will be able to buy water, which will lead to the marginalization of the weak economic sector, such as small farmers. This doubles the hardship of the lower classes in such sectors, and increases the injustice that they face as a result, similar to the wave of “automation” and “adaptation” that imposed a forced exclusion of the workforce in these sectors which replaced humans with machines.

According to a special United Nations report, water is already under severe threat from the planet’s growing population, increasing demand, and dangerous pollution from agriculture and the mining industry. In the context of the exacerbation of the impact of climate change, the report stresses that water is a vital resource for the economy. However, water contains a set of vital values for societies, which the market fails to realize.

These vital values that the market does not realize have necessitated the ongoing global discussions about the environmental, social and cultural values of water, in conjunction with the news indicating that it will be traded on the futures market on “Wall Street” stressing that water is a basic human right.

The disaster that awaits is that countries with rivers and their people who depend on agriculture industry for their livelihoods will end up having to pay for water.

This situation in turn puts the world before the need to reconsider and redefine the seventeen sustainable development goals, both because of the Corona pandemic that befell the world, and to face new challenges, including the challenge of commodifying water that adds up to the exacerbation of climate change impact.

It can be said that the conflict in human history has always been constant, and the human culture, with its renewed ways of life, is changing. This is an obvious fact. Man used to establish his civilization always around water and close to its origins, declaring long wars for that privilege. In spite of having achieved it, we are now returning to square one, announcing the beginnings of a new era – an era of conflict and water wars.

Author : Manahel Thabet
Published December 18, 2020
Al Bayan Newspaper